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Unit 9 - Case study The Roma - page 20 / 39

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1989-97

ROI (Romani Civic Initiative) a part of OF (Civic Forum)

Roma gained status as a national minority, Romani MPs

Bogardus scale of social distance – high hostility

Beauty Queen racist utterance

Racist attacks (1995 longer sentences, racism in police force)

Unemployment (70 % vs. national 5%- Bratinka 97); stereotype of self-chosen unemployment

Criminality  (20% vs. national 3%) – criminalisation, abused by Republicans (Sládek)

Citizenship law 93 (de facto  discrimination), put most Roma in position of aliens, 96, 2000; led to 97 exodus

Housing ghettoisation (barren flats), educational segregation

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