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In order to prove the existence of a criminal street gang in a given case, it is of course necessary to concentrate on the activities of those alleged to be members.  A criminal street gang can act only through its members.  (Acuna, supra, 14 Cal.4th at p. 1125.)  In Englebrecht, the Court of Appeal explained that, in the context of a gang injunction, it is not necessary to prove the commission of criminal acts.  Rather, in order to enforce a gang injunction against an alleged member, it must be shown the person “participates in or acts in concert with an ongoing organization, association or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, having as one of its primary activities the commission of acts constituting the enjoined public nuisance, having a common name or common identifying sign or symbol and whose members individually or collectively engage in the acts constituting the enjoined public nuisance.  The participation or acting in concert must be more than nominal, passive, inactive or purely technical.”  (Englebrecht, supra, 88 Cal.App.4th at p. 1261.)  

Defendants argue there was insufficient evidence to prove the existence of a criminal street gang, because plaintiff failed to prove both collaborative activities by alleged gang members and a collective organization structure.  They cite as support People v. Williams (2008) 167 Cal.App.4th 983 (Williams).  In Williams, the defendant was convicted of murder and active participation in a criminal street gang named the “Small Town Peckerwoods,” which was alleged to be part of a larger “Peckerwoods” gang.  On appeal, the defendant argued,

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