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are limited to evidence regarding activities of the local gang or may rely on the activities of a larger group of which the local gang is a part.  The court indicated the latter is permissible only if the People establish collaborative activities and a collective organizational structure between the local gang and the larger gang.  

In the present matter, plaintiff did not try to prove the Broderick Boys is a criminal street gang by using evidence regarding the activities of the larger Norteno gang.  As we describe below, plaintiff relied solely on evidence relating to the local gang.  

Plaintiff’s gang expert, Investigator Villanueva, opined the Broderick Boys “is the largest and most powerful criminal street gang in the City of West Sacramento.  It has consistently grown and been involved in criminal enterprise (i.e., murders, felonious assaults, shootings, stabbings, robberies, thefts, narcotic activity and vandalism) and other nuisance activity since the late 1980’s.”  Villanueva further opined the Broderick Boys gang “is connected to the Nuestra Familia gang which is a powerful prison gang in California.”  

Defendants argue Investigator Villanueva provided no evidence to support his opinion that the Broderick Boys is the most powerful gang in West Sacramento or that it is connected to the Nuestra Familia gang.  But for purposes of the present proceeding, it does not matter if the Broderick Boys is the most powerful gang in West Sacramento or is connected with the Nuestra Familia gang.  What matters is whether the activities of

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