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In Totten, the injunction contained a provision similar to that at issue here.  It prohibited gang members from:  “‘Standing, sitting, walking, driving, gathering or appearing, anywhere in public view or anyplace accessible to the public, with any known member of COLONIA CHIQUES EXCEPT: (1) when all members are inside a school attending a class or on school business; (2) when all members are inside a church; and/or (3) actively engaged in some business, trade, profession or occupation which requires such presence, provided the prohibition against associating shall apply to all forms of travel (except in school buses) to or from any of the locations described in (1)-(3) above.’”  (Totten, supra, 156 Cal.App.4th at pp. 45-46.)  Relying on Englebrecht, the Court of Appeal rejected the defendants’ contention the provision was too broad because it failed to except associations with family members.  (Ibid.)  

We reach the same conclusion here.  The nonassociation provision applies only within the Safety Zone and only in public places other than schools and churches.  Although it places an incidental burden on familial relationships, such burden is necessary under the circumstances in order for the injunction to be effective.  The injunction does not burden associational rights more than is necessary to serve the significant governmental interests at stake.  

VII

Controlled Substance Provision

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