alleged members of the Broderick Boys, indicia of gang membership, graffiti found in the Safety Zone, and crimes committed by alleged gang members in the Safety Zone.
Villanueva opined the Broderick Boys gang “is the largest and most powerful criminal street gang in the City of West Sacramento,” has been involved in crimes and other nuisance activities since the late 1980’s, is a mixed-race gang primarily composed of Hispanics and Caucasians, and is connected to the Nuestra Familia prison gang. According to Villanueva, the Broderick Boys has a hierarchical structure, with younger men and women as “street soldiers” or “foot soldiers,” those from 18 years old to their mid-20’s as the “older homies,” those 25 to over 30 years old as the “veteranos” who are seldom seen on the street but control things from the shadows, and the ones making the major decisions, called “shot callers.”
Villanueva further described how the Broderick Boys use graffiti, tattoos and gang signs to intimidate others and to mark their territory. He explained the crimes typically committed by the Broderick Boys and how those crimes are used to support the gang’s activities and to instill fear among the residents of West Sacramento. According to Villanueva, the Broderick Boys use fear and intimidation to keep residents from reporting crimes.
In opposition to plaintiff’s motion, defendants presented their own declarations from approximately 100 residents and others familiar with the Safety Zone. Most of these declarants indicated they had not seen gang activity in the Safety Zone and