private and public property with gang graffiti; intimidation; threats against victims and witnesses; trespass; theft; and possession, possession for sale and transportation of illegal drugs in the Safety Zone. To announce their presence in and enforce their turf and to instill fear [in] persons in the community and rival gang members, Broderick Boys members ‘patrol’; ‘tag’; congregate in areas in public view and display their tattoos, colors and signals; commit brazen crimes, sometimes announcing their gang affiliation while perpetrating such crimes; challenge passers by; and threaten violence and retaliate against individuals for perceived acts of disrespect, all within the Safety Zone. Searches of Broderick Boys members in the Safety Zone have yielded weapons including guns, crowbars, bats, knives and even an ice pick engraved with the gang’s symbols. Many serious crimes involving the Broderick Boys occur after 10:00 p.m. and before sunrise.”
The court issued a preliminary injunction prohibiting various activities within the Safety Zone by the Broderick Boys and its “active members,” including the named defendants. Defendants appeal.
Defendants challenge the trial court’s findings, both express and implied, underlying the preliminary injunction. They argue there was insufficient evidence a gang named the