shophouse enclaves. The introduction of footbridges as alternative access nodes can improve the permeability of the place and thus increase the volume of pedestrian movement. In addition, strategic places such as abandoned properties should be identified and utilized for alternative passageways to nearby historic locations. Abandoned lots and vacant sites are potential locations for the introduction of new re-habitation programmes, urban amenities and facilities. In regenerating the place it is important not only to conserve the built form, but also to initiate programmes that can lure people to take up residence and indirectly will activate the social and cultural activities of the place (Figure 15). This programme should also include events that can create “self-congestion” where people tend to attract people through entertainment and food services in pleasant pedestrianized areas (Whyte, 1988).
Figure 15 The introduction of public art at strategic places can induce activities to regenerate the historic urban place