Preliminary Damage Assessment
complete a hard-count windshield survey, utilizing laptop computers and GPS enabled digital
cameras in both data collection and photographic documentation. The greatest change at this
level is the need for individual assistance.
Several factors were taken into consideration in the decision to assign the Fire Medic
staff to collect damage assessment data. Accomack County is served primarily by volunteer fire
fighters and First Responders and using Fire Medics would not impede emergency services to the
community. Fire Medics have the capability to provide advanced medical treatment when and
where it is needed, to evaluate a situation quickly and request the appropriate services from the
field. Their training includes the recognition and mitigation of hazardous materials and
conditions. They will have already been prepared for and received instruction in assessment data
collection. In addition, their daily work assignments make them thoroughly familiar with the
County’s infrastructure and the families living within their assigned districts. Again, they would
be able to move quickly and efficiently without the need for mapping assistance.
A fly-over is also an added requirement at Level Three. This would give a more
accurate picture of the extent of surge inundation. This information would be entered in a GIS
based system to compare the new data with base-flood elevation data providing additional
information regarding homes that are most likely to have serious water damage or require
occupancy rescue. The survey line can be used for further analysis by outside agencies such as
the National Weather Service.
All levels of this plan rely heavily on the use of GIS technology to determine loss totals.
Included in this plan is a guide sheet for use by an assessor to measure the degree of damage
using the FEMA system, as well as, photos as further documentation.