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AN EVALUATION OF PRELIMINARY DAMAGE ASSESSMENT PLANS - page 28 / 38

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Preliminary Damage Assessment

27

complete a hard-count windshield survey, utilizing laptop computers and GPS enabled digital

cameras in both data collection and photographic documentation. The greatest change at this

level is the need for individual assistance.

Several factors were taken into consideration in the decision to assign the Fire Medic

staff to collect damage assessment data. Accomack County is served primarily by volunteer fire

fighters and First Responders and using Fire Medics would not impede emergency services to the

community. Fire Medics have the capability to provide advanced medical treatment when and

where it is needed, to evaluate a situation quickly and request the appropriate services from the

field. Their training includes the recognition and mitigation of hazardous materials and

conditions. They will have already been prepared for and received instruction in assessment data

collection. In addition, their daily work assignments make them thoroughly familiar with the

County’s infrastructure and the families living within their assigned districts. Again, they would

be able to move quickly and efficiently without the need for mapping assistance.

A fly-over is also an added requirement at Level Three. This would give a more

accurate picture of the extent of surge inundation. This information would be entered in a GIS

based system to compare the new data with base-flood elevation data providing additional

information regarding homes that are most likely to have serious water damage or require

occupancy rescue. The survey line can be used for further analysis by outside agencies such as

the National Weather Service.

All levels of this plan rely heavily on the use of GIS technology to determine loss totals.

Included in this plan is a guide sheet for use by an assessor to measure the degree of damage

using the FEMA system, as well as, photos as further documentation.

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