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8

  • salad bowl‖ metaphor to visualize that even as individuals retain their identity,

combining

distinctive

cultures

can

make

our

society

stronger

(Booth,

1998).

This

combination of cultures does not take into account the retention of mother tongues. It is

still a common assumption that immigrants will learn English, especially if they intend to

become citizens.

The challenge is to fully realize this cultural metaphor calls for articulated k-16

language study that develops language and cultural literacy in several languages. The

development of language skills in order to function optimally in the workplace and in the

community aligns with the growing recognition of our interdependent global society. It

is important to address the fundamental need for language learning in teacher training

programs as this will trickle down to language learning in K12 classrooms, where it is

optimal to attain proficient speakers in multiple languages. Language educators seek to

design vehicles for language learning that are successfulbeyond the surface of just

language exposure. By blending cultural identity within the context of a global society,

the communication technologies available today present an opportunity to learn new

languages.

In order to close the cultural and linguistic gap, multi-cultural and multi-lingual

education needs to be infused into the K-16 classroom. Classroom instruction and

curriculum must be effective in building proficient communicators. Current research

delineates effective strategies and methodologies designed to increase language

proficiency, however reports indicate that the majority of students graduating from

American schools are not prepared for a global society (Adams & Carfagna, 2006). With

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