subdivisions within these larger groups. Although race and ethnicity are often used as
means to delineate cultures, culture supersedes race and ethnicity (Gollnick & Chinn,
Immersion. Immersion refers to a person fully participating in another culture to
the extent that they actually live in the culture night and day for a period of time
(Stachowski & Mahan, 1998).
Learning Styles. Learning styles are considered to be the way in which an
individual learns or the psychological and cognitive characteristics that determine the
manner in which a person learns (Cupp, 2003).
Monolingual. A person who is monolingual speaks only one language (Gollnick
& Chinn, 2002).
Reliability. Consistency in obtaining the survey results more than once. Types of
reliability coefficients include retest, alternate forms, and split-half (Cook & Campbell,
Validity. The degree to which evidence and theory support the interpretations of
scores (Cook & Campbell, 1979).
Web 2.0 Technology.
Web applications that facilitate interactive information
sharing, user-centered designs, and collaboration on the Internet (Selwyn, 2008; Safran et
al., 2007; Greenhow et al., 2009; McGee & Diaz, 2007; Purushotma, 2006; Cormode &
Krishnamurthy, 2008; Ullrich et al., 2008; Kraemer, 2008; Dooly, 2007).