CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW
The review of literature examines the recent history of Web 2.0 technology.
There are several important pieces to look at when considering the effectiveness of Web
2.0 technologies on student achievement in an online foreign language classroom. The
first section will define what Web 2.0 technology is and will cite examples specific to an
educational context. It will be important to differentiate between Web 1.0 tools versus
Web 2.0 tools. Understanding the technological features absent in 1.0 that are specific to
2.0 will help to highlight the particular features and tools that affect student achievement
in a Web 2.0 online classroom.
Web 2.0 technologies promote the active engagement of students in the learning
process (Clark, 1995; deWinstanley & Bjork, 2004). As such, the second section of the
literature review will investigate the importance of student engagement and active
learning. These are crucial components in the learning process. An effort will be made
to establish a clear understanding of the role that these two concepts play in the learning
process, and they will subsequently be tied into the technologies.
The final section of the literature review examines the idea of building community
in an online classroom. Building community is achieved by student engagement and
active learning and is done with Web 2.0 tools. Together these three components affect
student achievement in an online classroom.