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22

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW

Introduction

The review of literature examines the recent history of Web 2.0 technology.

There are several important pieces to look at when considering the effectiveness of Web

2.0 technologies on student achievement in an online foreign language classroom. The

first section will define what Web 2.0 technology is and will cite examples specific to an

educational context. It will be important to differentiate between Web 1.0 tools versus

Web 2.0 tools. Understanding the technological features absent in 1.0 that are specific to

2.0 will help to highlight the particular features and tools that affect student achievement

in a Web 2.0 online classroom.

Web 2.0 technologies promote the active engagement of students in the learning

process (Clark, 1995; deWinstanley & Bjork, 2004). As such, the second section of the

literature review will investigate the importance of student engagement and active

learning. These are crucial components in the learning process. An effort will be made

to establish a clear understanding of the role that these two concepts play in the learning

process, and they will subsequently be tied into the technologies.

The final section of the literature review examines the idea of building community

in an online classroom. Building community is achieved by student engagement and

active learning and is done with Web 2.0 tools. Together these three components affect

student achievement in an online classroom.

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