Transcripts were kept in a locked cabinet in the investigator‘s office. Only the
principal and secondary investigators had access to the documents.
The concurrent triangulation mixed methods design was used where quantitative
and qualitative procedures were conducted separately from each other in order to
maintain the independence of the data analysis. Equal emphasis was given to quantitative
and qualitative data and the findings were converged into the final results.
Population and Sample
This study took place at a Midwestern community college. As detailed in the
Midwestern Community College 2002 Self-Study Report, this institution is a full-service
public community college which is partially supported by revenues produced from
641,120 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2007) taxpayers. It serves an enrollment of more than
30,000 credit students. Based on the statistical projections, annual credit headcounts are
expected to increase to 40,000 in 2015 and 45,000 in 2020 (p. 140).
The community college revenue includes state aid (36.3%), local taxes (35.8%),
tuition (25.2%), grants (0.6%) and miscellaneous resources (2.1%). Expense categories
include personnel services (72.5%), operating expenses (17.9%), capital outlays (4.2%),
supplies/materials (2.9%), student aid (1.7%) and travel (0.8%) (p. 86). The personnel
service expenses include the salaries for 202 full-time community college faculty. Nearly
half of the faculty members possess credentials exceeding the minimum educational
requirements, where 88% have at least a bachelor‘s degree, 65% have at least a master‘s