these components could be interpreted as Exclusion vs. Inclusion of Transcendence and Literal vs. Symbolic respectively.
As a second measure of religiosity, participants completed five items, which are all considered to be a classic way of measuring religiosity. A scale out of these five items was made in order to determine the best kind of measure. Although the internal consistency (Cronbach’s Alpha) is .85, the correlation between this religiosity scale and the two PCB -dimensions is .65 ( < .0001) for Inclusion versus Exclusion of Transcendence and .32 ( < .0001) for Literal versus Symbolic. Therefore it can be concluded that this scale is not a good measure of religiosity. Moreover, this observation underlines the necessity of another and more accurate measurement.
The participants also completed the authorized Flemish version of the NEO-FFI (Hoekstra, Ormel, & De Fruyt, 1996). It provides measures for the five factors of personality of Costa and McCrae (1995). This version has been validated over Flemish speaking Belgian and Dutch samples and tried to cover the original US version as closely as possible. The NEO-FFI consists of five scales: Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience. The 60 items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale (, ). Of the 60 items, 12 try to capture Neuroticism, 12 items try to capture Extraversion, 12 items try to capture Agreeableness, another 12 items try to capture Conscientiousness, and the last 12 items try to capture Openness to Experience. The internal consistency (Cronbach’s Alpha) of these five scales Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Openness to experience are respectively .87; .82; .72, .78, and .70. The internal consistency of Openness to Experience can be ameliorated to .74 when items 02, 06 and 08 are left out. Neuroticism is positively related to Openness to Experience (r = .03, n.s.) and negatively to Extraversion (r =