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significant positively to Second Naivité (r = .18; p< .001). External Critique is correlated significant negatively to Second Naivité (r = .55; p < .0001). This scale is also correlated positively (r = .20 p< .001) to Relativism.

4.1.2. Means

In Table 1, we find the means of the different kind of personality factors of the whole sample. A significant gender-difference can be found in four of five factors. Women score significant higher on Neuroticism than men do. Moreover, women also score higher on the factors Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness than men do. In this sample, there is no significant gender-difference found on the factor Openness to Experience.

-- Table 1 –

4.1.3. Creation of the PCB-categories

In order to check a personality-profile for the different subscales of the PCB, we decided to split the participants into four groups. This procedure is based on standard-scores (Z-scores), by which we can classify each participant in only one category (i.e. group). First, by standardizing the rough scores, we can check the real score on the PCB of an individual, relatively to the general score. Secondly, we create groups on the ground of the highest individual Z-score in one of the four subscales of the PCB. E.g. someone whose highest individual Z-score is situated on the Orthodoxy subscale, can be classified in the Orthodoxy-group. Mutatis mutandis for all the other groups. In the present study, this procedure has been done for the very first time with these measurements.

 In Table 2, we find the numbers of participants situated in the four groups of the PCB. is .73 (df  = 3; p = .87); therefore, we can say that there are no significant differences between

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