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--Table 3—

5. Discussion

5.1. Aims

By using the two-dimensional measure of religiosity (Hutsebaut, 1996), we‘ve tried to find a pattern in terms of the five personality factors. Based on previous research (Costa & McCrae, 1995; Duriez, 2002; McCrae, 1999; Saroglou, 2002), it is known that individuals who score high on Openness to Experience, deal with religion and religious texts on a more mature way than those individuals who don’t score high on this factor. Therefore we suggested that people who deal with religion and religious texts in a symbolic way (Relativism and Second Naivité) are also characterized by a strong confidence with them selves and are very curious toward new experiences. The same pattern was expected with the factor Agreeableness. Based on previous research, it seemed that this personality factor is correlated positively with liberal thinking (McCrae, 1999), as well with empathy (Duriez, 2002). Therefore, we expected a positive correlation between the factor Agreeableness and the way people handle with religion in a symbolic way (Relativism and Second Naivité). Saroglou (2002) mentioned in his meta-analysis that religious people score higher on the factor Conscientiousness. Therefore, we made the hypothesis of a positive correlation between this factor and the subscales Orthodoxy and Second Naivité.  Finally, we didn’t make any hypothesis about Neuroticism nor about Extraversion, based on the inconsistent results we‘ve found in previous research.

5.2. Hypotheses

The factor Openness to Experience is, consistent to the proposed hypothesis, especially associated with the way people are dealing with religiosity and religious texts. The more people

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