Development of Copyright and Related Rights
The WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT), open for signature until the end of 1997, were signed by 49 and 50 Member States, respectively, and by the European Community. Preparations were underway in some countries for the ratification of, or accession to, the treaties and for the adoption of implementing legislation where necessary
The WPPT covers only the aural, and not the audiovisual, aspects of performances. The Diplomatic Conference of 1996 resolved that preparatory work should continue with the objective of extending the coverage of the WPPT through the adoption of a protocol on the audiovisual aspects of performances.
The Agenda of the December 1996 Diplomatic Conference included a draft treaty on a sui generis system of protection for databases. The Conference did not discuss the draft treaty in substance, but recommended further work on a WIPO Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Databases. An information meeting in September 1997 on this matter requested deeper consideration of the issues involved.
Following adoption of the WCT and WPPT, the interested parties were to work out and operate measures of protection and rights management information systems. WIPO should continue to study issues not yet covered, and regularly monitor developments in digital technology and global networks. WIPO should also be a forum where interested groups work together for the creation and operation of the most appropriate and efficient methods for the protection, exercise, and management of rights in the digital environment.
Promote adherence to the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT), for their timely entry into force.
Review issues of interpretation and implementation of the treaties, and offer guidance to governments, legislators, and the judiciary for the application of the treaties.
Evaluate the present situation at national, regional, and international levels of the protection of performers in respect of audiovisual performances, broadcasting organizations and distributors of cable-oriented programs and adopt new, binding international norms or recommend methods of harmonization.
Analyze the present situation, at national, regional, and international levels, of the protection of databases by copyright and by other legal means, such as sui generis protection or protection against unfair competition and promote such harmonization through binding norms, or recommendations, guiding principles, or other forms of guidance.
Monitor the development and application of international norms in the field of copyright and related rights, toward harmonization and ensure WIPO’s activities are better prepared and more transparent.