Implementation of the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT)
The Secretariat provided detailed studies on the issues of the implementation of the WCT and the WPPT, providing options to settle those issues at the level of national legislation. This work was regularly used for advising governments and legislators of the Member States of WIPO.
The WCT and the WPPT were promoted at three regional or subregional meetings (in Singapore, Bogota and in Budapest) and four national meetings (Brazil, Kuwait, Lebanon and the Russian Federation). Promotion also took place in meetings organized by the European Commission, non-governmental organizations (ALAI, BSA, CISAC, IPA) and academic institutions.
Government authorities of Member States of WIPO where consulted at meetings organized in, inter alia, Brazil, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and the Russian Federation and, on the occasion of other meetings, particularly at the three regional consultation meetings mentioned under sub-program 10.2.
The results of such activities are difficult to quantify because much depends on national and regional legislative procedures. By June 1, 1998, two Member States of WIPO had ratified the WCT and one member State had ratified the WPPT. There was a growing understanding in governments and interested private circles that the treaties offered appropriate answers to questions such as digital networks, and that adherence to and implementation of the Treaties were important for the establishment and operation of electronic commerce. Preparatory work to implement the treaties is in an advanced state in several Member States.
Protection of Performers in Audiovisual Works
The Committee of Experts on a Protocol concerning Audiovisual Performances (second session) was convened from June 8 to 12, 1998. The Secretariat circulated to the invited Governments and organizations the proposals received from the Member States of WIPO and the European Community, with a comparative table.
Three regional consultation meetings for countries of Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean, and Asia and the Pacific, took place in Ouagadougou, Quito, and New Delhi, respectively, in April and May 1998, with the host governments’ cooperation. WIPO financed the participation of 15 countries in each region. At each of the three meetings, a report was adopted reflecting the position and proposals of the group, which was then circulated to the governments and organizations invited to the above-mentioned meeting of the Committee of Experts.
WIPO officials participated in discussions on the protection of audiovisual performances at meetings organized by the European Commission, non-governmental organizations (ALAI, CISAC), and academic institutions.