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beneficiaries at the meetings in Rome, Stockholm, Bratislava, as well as in Geneva.

Developed a scientific research design for the fact-finding missions on traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities, utilizing methods of anthropological field research; completed preparations for the fact-finding missions to the South Pacific (June 1998) and to South Asia (September and October 1998).

Initiated a feasibility study on a regional system of collective management of copyright in the Caribbean region with a fact-finding mission to Barbados, St. Lucia, and Antigua (May 1998).  A second mission was planned for the third quarter of the year.

Prepared for the WIPO Roundtable on Intellectual Property and Indigenous Peoples (July 1998).  Invitations were prepared for members States, representatives of indigenous groups and local communities, intergovernmental organizations, other interested organizations, and experts.

Discussed with the Office of the UNHCR concerning the possibility of a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between WIPO and UNHCR, particularly in identifying possible new beneficiaries of this program.

Began preparations for the meeting of a panel of experts about the international legal character of intellectual property rights arising from references to intellectual property in multilateral instruments in other fields.  The panel was scheduled to be held in November 1998.

Participated in meetings of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Human Rights Commission.

Sub-program 11.2

Biodiversity and Biotechnology

Defined the conceptual framework for the division’s research on biodiversity and biotechnology, and examined the role of intellectual property rights in the dynamics of ecological and economic systems, focusing on the interactions between global and local levels of such dynamics.

Continued discussions with the World Conservation Union (IUCN) on the collaborative extension of specialized software as an information management tool for use of intellectual property information in the documentation of biodiversity and traditional knowledge.  

Developed two on-site documentation projects on the relation between intellectual property rights and traditional knowledge, relevant to the conservation, sustainable use and benefits of biological diversity.

Attended several meetings convened under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), including the Fourth Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group on a Biosafety Protocol (Montreal, February 1998), and the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (Bratislava, May 1998).  In its Decision IV/9 the 172 Contracting Parties of the CBD welcomed the decision of WIPO “to incorporate biodiversity-related issues under its 1998 main program item 11 (‘Global intellectual property issues’)”.

Began preparing for a study to explore the multiple uses of IPRs in the transfer of technology under multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). Began research steps (a)

Represented WIPO at seven conferences on biodiversity and biotechnology in relation to intellectual property rights, four in Geneva, one in Rome, one in Stockholm, and one in Washington, D.C.

Sub-program 11.3

Protection of Expressions of Folklore

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