Evaluation of STI policies - L. BACH
ADDITIONALITY and related concepts
What difference does State intervention (i.e. policy) make ?
<=> What will happen (has happened) over and above what will happen (would have happened) anyway ?
Does this difference justify State intervention ?
= comparing situation «with policy» vs situation «without policy»
• efficacy (1) : with policy vs objectives
• efficiency : with policy vs with an alternative policy aiming at similar objectives
• opportunity cost : with policy vs other use of public funds
2. The key question of