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Evaluation of STI policies - L. BACH

15

Input additionality

whether the public action adds to, or substitutes for the agents inputs (usually financial) crowding out effects, displacement etc

Output additionality

whether the same/different results would have been obtained without policy action

• Neo-classical / standard approach (input-output approach)

Market failures

State : «out» of system

Normative approach

(Evaluator is independant)

Counterfactual -> substitution/crowding out  - additive effects

Policy Rationales, Evaluation

Rationales and Additionality

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