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Evaluation of STI policies - L. BACH

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Competitiveness and exploitation/market-related effects (products, prototypes, patents, processes, interfirm technology transfer…)

Individual and organisational learning effects (such as finding of new partners, networking, building of research infrastructure) and behavioural changes (such as increased collaboration skills)

Influencing norms and standards

Structural effects (firm size, regional distribution, trusts, cartels…)

Externalities : generic knowledge, RD flows, system and network externalities, impact on the environment, health, education …

Cohesion, diversity (in case of international programmes, especially European programmes)

Contribution to skills and research manpower

(Meyer-Krahmer / Georghiou 1992)

Economic evaluation vs economic effects, Direct vs indirect effects, short term vs long term effects, occasional vs steady effects, etc

3. Effects and impacts

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