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Evaluation of STI policies - L. BACH

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Evaluation process based on judgements formulated by independent experts =  independent of the work being reviewed.

US General Accounting Office (GAO) : “a process that includes an independent assessment of the technical, scientific merit of research by peers who are scientists with knowledge and expertise equal to that of the researchers whose work they review.”

Goals :

review of the research results submitted for publication in scientific journals Journal manuscript peer review

allocation of research funding (generally ex ante evaluation) Proposal peer review

assessment of the quality of research conducted b y Research operators, e.g. Universities (generally ex post evaluation) Evaluation peer review

General organization (Birta - Lung 2006) :

Paper-based reviews/or mail-in reviews : written opinion on the work; no relation between reviewers (Journal pr)

Panel of experts : single evaluation, generally focuses experts (evaluation pr)

• Standing committee :  set term, number of reviews of different projects/programs, generally broad range of expertise covering many subject areas (proposal or evaluation pr)

Dominant models (4)

« upstream » (scientific production, technology…)

Peer review

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