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Evaluation of STI policies - L. BACH

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General problems-limits (see also limits of indicators and method used) (Birta-Leung 2006, Reale 2006):

subjectivity of the judgements

absence of specific expertise of peers

bias in favour of prestigious institutions, prominent researchers and research groups based on reputation or other recognitions given to the work

interdisciplinary bias

leakage of ideas (deliberate or subconscious incorporation of ideas proposed in work being reviewed into reviewer’s own work)

conservatism (reduced likelihood of presenting radical ideas if it is believed that they will have less chance of being funded)

neutrality/impartiality (difficulty in assembling a review panel that is both knowledgeable and neutral i.e. no judgment according to personal or institution  interest)

transparency and rationality (rationale of process, internal rules, objectives, indicators, criteria and evaluation methods etc not fully known, aknowledged, respected by all stakelholders - reviewers, reviewees, policy-makers etc)

Peer review (suite)

Evaluation criteria, methods and indicators :

Multiplicity of approaches, but focus on S&T indicators

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