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JUNE 2005

ANNUAL SUMMARY

1755

TABLE 4. Selected surface observations for Hurricane Erika, 1417 Aug 2003.

Location

Brownsville (BRO) Valley International Airport (HRL) McAllen/Miller (MFE) Bayview (PIL) Los Fresnos (Co-op) Port Mansfield (Co-op) Raymondville (Co-op) Sarita (Co-op) Falfurrias (Co-op)

16/10043

1002.6

16/0947

34

41

16/1143

1007.2

16/1143

27

35

16/1113

1009.7

16/0954

27

35

16/0930

1005.3

16/0956

30

38

Date/time

Pressure

Date/time

Sustained

Gust

Storm tide

Total rain

(UTC)

(mb)

(UTC)a

(kt)b

(kt)

(mt)

(mm)

Minimum sea

Maximum surface

level pressure

wind speed

Texas

28 13 29 21 42 37 40 27 28

42020 42002

Bob Hall Pier Bird Island Baffin Bay Port Isabel S. Padre Island CG station

Port Isabel

Matamoros San Fernando El Cuchillo Magueyes Presa Cerro Prieto Camacho Presa La Boca Monterrey Observatory El Barretal

16/1000

1009.4

16/0600

16/0100

1009.3

16/0030

NOAA buoys

Texas Coastal Oceanic 16/1400 16/1300 16/1300 16/0800 16/0800

Texas Tech Tower 16/0903

16/1010

Mexico 1002.3

16/0900 16/1350

34

41 42

28

d

35

d

36c

35 35 34 44 46

32

41

39 55

8 70 21 170 102 90 88 87 74

a b

c d

Date/time is for sustained wind when both sustained and gust are listed. Except as noted, sustained wind averaging periods for C-MAN and land-based ASOS reports are 2 min; buoy averaging periods are 8 min. Averaging period unknown. Ten-minute average.

ward heading for several days by deep easterlies to the south of a subtropical ridge. The forward speed gradu- ally decreased from 18 to 19 kt just after genesis to less than 10 kt by 2 September, as the tropical cyclone neared a weakness in the subtropical ridge produced by a midlevel cyclonic circulation over the southwestern North Atlantic. Then, the hurricane turned toward the northwest while continuing to decelerate over the next couple of days. A large midtropospheric trough nearing the east coast of the United States turned Fabian north- ward with increasing forward speed. Fabian struck Ber- muda with an intensity close to 100 kt. The eastern eyewall of the hurricane moved over Bermuda around

2000 UTC on 5 September (Fig. 3). Observers on the western end of the island reported a brief blue sky and winds decreasing to 5060 kt at various times between 1945 and 2115 UTC, indicating that they were in the eastern fringes of Fabians eye.

After raking Bermuda, the hurricane accelerated northeastward, weakening to below 100 kt after 1800 UTC 6 September. Fabian lost tropical characteristics on 8 September while located about 700 n mi east- northeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland. It turned northward the next day and merged with another ex- tratropical cyclone between southern Greenland and Iceland.

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