would in effect increase commitment to, and by implication funding of, coastal partnerships.
Thirty-six (58%) responses focussed on the need for ICZM to be a statutory duty on relevant or competent authorities. Twenty-one respondents provided suggestions for a specific legislative duty, with suggestions including duties;
on all relevant bodies to co-operate in developing ICZM strategies;
to adhere to the principles of ICZM and participate in the process;
to consult and to liaise/communicate frequently
to deliver ICZM;
to establish ICZM management mechanisms;
to form partnerships;
to implement ICZM;
on local authorities to participate in ICZM through Partnerships;
to engage in integrated coastal zone management and marine management;
for regional and national government to provide legal policy and funding mechanisms; and
on statutory bodies to commit to ICZM processes including the services of coastal partnerships.
Nine responses offered comparisons with the requirements within the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 for managing an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). These responses focussed on the duty on appropriate authorities to work together to prepare and implement a management plan and suggesting that government apply the AONB model to ICZM.
Eleven respondents opposed statutory obligations, and generally stated that they did not believe that ICZM would be achieved through specific amended or new legislative action. Some felt that a statutory requirement would impose prescriptive burdens, and that rather than legislative action, ICZM required a cultural change, a change in political will, or changes throughout existing policies, planning, regulation and support mechanisms.
Six responses commented on the need to consider a recent Halcrow Report7 on developing ICZM with respect to action required to take the approach forward.
Sixteen respondents commented on the need for a national framework or strategy for ICZM delivery in order to secure commitment from all relevant
7 Environment Agency & Partners – ‘Developing Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Options for England
& Wales’. December 2005