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Mini-Projects Development in Computer Science – Students’ Use of Organization Tools 311

Fig. 1. The activity-charts of the four identified types of project development teams.

Additional information, drawn from our observations, recordings, interviews, and stu- dents’ reports was used besides the activity charts to establish criteria for defining teams’ work profiles.

3. Results and Discussion

The analysis of the activity-charts resulted in identifying four types of project develop- ment teams. The classification of the teams appears in Table 1, and the typical activity- charts are presented in Fig. 1.

3.1. Criteria for Identifying Types of Project-Developing Teams

Based on our research questions, we established three criteria according to which the profiles of the four types were specified: (1) the structure of the development process; (2) the use of ADTs; and (3) the use of practical tools.

The following section further describes these criteria.

3.1.1. The structure of the development process The structure of the development process is determined by the following parameters:

Problem analysis: The first step in any project development involves defining the problem to be solved and its analysis. This activity involves: (a) Breaking up a prob-

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