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What’s Going on in the HPL?

Thesis Work in Progress

The Effect of Backrest Inclination on Sitting Head Posture. (Larry Wallner) Studies have demonstrated that sitting reclined decreases low back muscle activity and intra-discal pressures. This study will attempt to determine how this position influences neck position.

Prediction of On-ice Hockey Performance from Laboratory Tests. (Jamie Jerdee) With limited hours of ice time during off-season months it is important to be able to track training progress using other methods. This research seeks to determine whether any existing laboratory anaerobic tests can predict on-ice skating performance.

Comparison of Two Methods of Gas Exchange Analysis. (Janice Engebretson) The purpose of this study is to evaluate the laboratory's computerized, cardiopulmonary exercise test equipment for reliability and accuracy. The computerized equipment will be compared to a conventional method in determining oxygen consumption (V02), carbon dioxide production (VC02), minute ventilation (VE), and respiratory exchange ratio (RER).

Blood Urea Nitrogen and Overtraining. (Paul Kammermeier) Some coaches use Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) to monitor athletes' training status, and may alter the training if the BUN level is too high. This thesis will attempt to see if there is a correlation between the overtrained state and elevated BUN.

A Comparison of Three Methods of Monitoring Aerobic Exercise Intensity. (Annie Howes) This study looks at the accuracy of maintaining target heart rate intensity (70- 85% of max. heart rate) using either pulse measurement, rating of perceived exertion scale, or self-selected pace. Subjects will be asked to workout on a treadmill, stationary bike and walk/run on the indoor track. Heart rates will be recorded on a heart rate monitor and down-loaded onto a computer for analysis of percent of time within, above or below one's target heart rate range.

Metabolic changes following combination arm leg training. (Bryan Huft) This research will examine potential differences when combination training is added to running.

Running performance the morning after significant beer consumption. (Mike Reid) The use of alcohol among athletes reflects that of the general population-it's common. Some athletes have set personal records the morning after significant alcohol consumption. This study will attempt to find an explanation for this. Several variables, including oxygen consumption, blood glucose and lactic acid concentrations, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion will be examined during treadmill running at race pace.

New Designation for Graduate Studies

Relationship between Amount of Knee Flexion and Vertical jump Height. (Joe Vardas) This study seeks to discover if better jumpers use less knee flexion upon rebounding after dropping from various heights of boxes. Controversy exists as to whether large or small amplitudes of knee flexion are more beneficial.

The graduate program at the Human Performance Laboratory went through a comprehensive review in 1995 and was changed from its previous Special Studies designation to a Master of Science degree in exercise science.

A Biomechanical Comparison of the Standing and Crouch Sprint Starts for Collegiate Women Track Sprinters. (Kurt Threinen) Although the crouch sprint start is the standard starting technique in track and field, the standing start has gained popularity with small college sprinters. This study aims to see if the standing start can be as effective for short sprint races as the crouch start for small-college varsity women.

A Biomechanical Analysis of the Longsnap in Football. (Mark Blegen) Special Teams play in football is a critical factor in the outcome of any game. A solid punting game can provide excellent field position for the entire half. The center is responsible for delivering the ball to the punter quickly and accurately. This thesis will look at the determining factors of both accuracy and velocity of the longsnap.

The Effect of Resistance Training on Balance In the Elderly. (Dani Baker) Falls in the elderly are a serious danger, and the number of reported falls keeps increasing with the number of elderly in society. Resistance training has been shown to improve strength in the elderly. This research will try to show that resistance training also increases balance.

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