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Rare Earth Elements in National Defense

“an assured source of supply of such material in critical defense applications by December 31,

  • 2015.

    ” The plan would consider the following:

    • (1)

      An assessment of whether the material should be included in the National Defense Stockpile;

(2) in consultation with the United States Trade Representative, the identification of any trade practices known to the Secretary that limit the Secretary’s ability to ensure the long- term availability of such material or the ability to meet the goal of establishing an assured source of supply of such material by December 31, 2015;

(3) An assessment of the availability of financing to industry, academic institutions, or not- for-profit entities to provide the capacity required to ensure the availability of the material, as well as potential mechanisms to increase the availability of such financing;

(4) An assessment of the benefits, if any, of Defense Production Act funding to support the establishment of an assured source of supply for military components;

  • (5)

    An assessment of funding for research and development

  • (6)

    Any other risk mitigation method determined appropriate by the Secretary that is

consistent with the goal of establishing an assured source of supply by December 31, 2015; and,

(7) For steps of the rare earth material supply chain for which no other risk mitigation method, as described in paragraphs (1) through (6), will ensure an assured source of supply by December 31, 2015, a specific plan to eliminate supply chain vulnerability by the earliest date practicable.

H.R. 4402, the National Strategic and Critical Minerals Production Act

H.R. 4402, the National Strategic and Critical Minerals Production Act of 2012, was introduced on Apri19, 2012, passed the House on July 12, 2012, and was referred to the Senate on July 16, 2012. The bill would have required both the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture to more efficiently develop domestic sources of the minerals and materials of strategic and critical importance to U.S. economic and national security, and manufacturing competitiveness. 71

  • H.

    R. 3449, Defense Supply Chain and Industrial Base Security Act

  • H.

    R. 3449 was introduced by Representative Paul Ryan on November 16, 2011, and referred to

the House Armed Services Committee. The bill would have required the Secretary of Defense to develop a defense supply chain and industrial base strategy, and subsequent plan, designed to secure the supply chain and industrial base sectors that the Secretary judges critical to U.S. national security.

71

H.R. 4402.

Congressional Research Service

32

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