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Rare Earth Elements in National Defense

  • promoting the development of economically sound and stable policies for domestic industries that promote mining, materials, and metals processing;

  • creating a mechanism for assessing the U.S. mineral demand, supply, and needs; and

    • minimizing duplication and delays in administering federal and state laws, regulations, and permit issuance and authorizations necessary to explore, develop, and produce minerals, and build and operate mineral-related facilities.73

  • H.

    R. 2284, Responsible Electronic Recycling Act

H.R. 2284 was introduced by Representative Gene Green on June 22, 2011, and on June 29 was referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment. This bill would include the establishment of a Rare Earth Materials Recycling Initiative, designed to assist in and coordinate the development of research in the recycling of rare earth materials found in electronic devices.

  • H.

    R. 1875, Building Our Clean Energy Future Now Act of 2011

  • H.

    R. 1875 was introduced by Representative David Cicilline on May 12, 2011, and referred to the

House Committees on Ways and Means, Transportation and Infrastructure, Energy and Commerce, and Science, Space, and Technology. On May 26, 2011, the bill was referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment. The bill seeks to lower gas prices by making investments in cleaner energy technologies and infrastructure.

H.R. 1388, the Rare Earths Supply Chain Technology and Resources Transformation Act of 2011.

H.R. 1388 was introduced by Representative Mike Coffman on May 6, 2011, and referred to the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment, and the Committees on Natural Resources and Armed Services. The bill is also referred to as the Restart Act of 2011. The bill seeks to reestablish a competitive domestic rare earths supply chain within DOD’s Defense Logistics Agency (DLA).

  • H.

    R. 1540, the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2012

  • H.

    R. 1540 was introduced by Representative Howard McKeon on April 14, 2011. Section 835

would require the DLA Administrator for Strategic Materials to develop an inventory of rare earth materials to support defense requirements, as identified by the report required by Section 843 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for FY2011 (P.L. 111-383). Also, Amendment #87 to H.R. 1540 would require the Secretary of Defense to report back to Congress on the feasibility and desirability of recycling, recovering, and reprocessing rare earth elements, including fluorescent lighting used in DOD facilities. H.R. 1540 (H.Rept. 112-78) passed the House, May 26, 2011. On June 6, 2011, it was received in the Senate and referred to the Senate Committee on Armed Services.


H.R. 2011, Section 3. Congressional Declaration of Policy.

Congressional Research Service


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