Rare Earth Elements in National Defense
734, the Advanced Vehicle Technology Act of 2011
734 was introduced by Senator Debbie Stabenow on April 5, 2011, and referred to the
Committee on Natural Resources. The proposed bill would create a basic and applied research program, within the Department of Energy (DOE), focused on the development and engineering of new vehicle technologies. DOE is to promote, among many other goals, the exploration of substitutes and recycling of potential critical materials, including rare earth elements and precious metals. The Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources held a hearing on May 19, 2011.
R. 1367, the Advanced Vehicle Technology Act of 2011
R. 1367 was introduced by Representative Gary Peters on April 5, 2011, and referred to the
Committee on Science, Space and Technology. On April 7, 2011, the bill was referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment. S. 734 and H.R. 1367 are similar.
R. 1314, the Resource Assessment of Rare Earths (RARE) Act of 2011
R. 1314 was introduced by Representative Henry Johnson on April 1, 2011, and on April 6 was
referred to the House Natural Resources Committee, Subcommittee on Energy and Mineral Resources. The bill would direct the Secretary of the Interior, through the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, to examine the need for future geological research on rare earth elements and other minerals and determine the criticality and impact of a potential supply restriction or vulnerability.
H.R. 952, the Energy Critical Elements Renewal Act of 2011
On March 8, 2011, Representative Brad Miller introduced the Energy Critical Elements Renewal Act of 2011. The bill was referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. The bill would develop an energy critical elements program, amend the National Materials and Minerals Policy Research and Development Act of 1980, establish a temporary program for rare earth material revitalization, and serve other purposes.
S. 383, the Critical Minerals and Materials Promotion Act of 2011
On February 17, 2011, Senator Mark Udall introduced the Critical Minerals and Materials Promotion Act of 2011. One June 9, 2011, the bill was referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Energy. The bill was referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. The bill would require the Secretary of the Interior to establish a scientific research and analysis program to assess current and future critical mineral and materials supply chains, strengthen the domestic critical minerals and materials supply chain for clean energy technologies, strengthen education and training in mineral and material science and engineering for critical minerals and materials production, and establish a domestic policy to promote
an adequate and stable supply of critical minerals and materials necessary to maintain national security, economic well-being, and industrial production with appropriate attention
Congressional Research Service