2. What are longitude and latitude?
Theme: Place (page 7)
What defines place?
Place includes the physical features and cultural landscape of a location. All locations on earth have physical features that set them apart. Some examples are climate, landforms, and vegetation.
Other features are products of humans interacting with the environment. Building roads or houses are interactions with the environment. Other interactions are the result of human contact. Because a location’s culture and its use of space may change over time, the description of place may also change.
3. Why might a description of place change?
Theme: Region (pages 7-8)
What characteristics define a region?
A region is an area of the earth’s surface that is defined by shared characteristics. Regions have more than one element that unifies them. These elements may include physical, political economic, or cultural characteristics.
A formal region is defined by a limited number of related characteristics. In this textbook, the regions are generally defined by continental area and similar cultural styles. Africa, the United States and Canada, and Latin America are examples of formal regions.
A functional region is organized around a set of interactions and connections between places. Usually a functional region is characterized by a hub. A hub is a central place with many links to outlying areas. For example, a city and its suburbs would form a functional region.
A perceptual region is a region in which people perceive the characteristics of region in the same way. A set of characteristics may not be precisely the same for all people.
OCPS First Days of School Lesson Plans
4. How is a formal region different from a functional region
Theme: Human-Environment Interaction (pg. 8)
How do people relate to their environment?
People learn to use what the environment offers them. They change that environment to meet their needs. They also learn to live with parts of the environment that they cannot control.
People living in similar environments do not respond to them in the same way. A place with lots of sunshine may mean vacation to one person, and good farming to another.
Human beings actively work to change their environments to make them a better place. They may want changes to provide needed goods. People may drain swamps or dig irrigation ditches to improve their lives. Sometimes the changes can cause problems, such as pollution.
5. Why do people alter their environment?
Theme: Movement (page 9)
How do geographers analyze movement?
Geographers study movement by looking at three types of distance: linear, time and psychological.
Linear distances means how far across the earth an idea, a person, or a product travels. Physical geography can change linear distance by forcing a route to shift because of land or water barriers. Time distance is how long it takes a person, product, or idea to travel. Now it often takes less time to travel the same linear distance because of inventions like airplanes or automobiles
Psychological distance is a term used to describe the way people view distance. Studies show that as we become familiar with a place, we think it is closer than it actually is.
6. What are the three types of distance that geographers use?