Next week, I want to get more into the work of creative women who were judged by the contemporaries as exemplifying “Mexicanidad”: the artists Frida Kahlo, Maria Izquierdo and Isabel Villaseñor, but also the Zapatista “transgendered male” Coronel Amelio Robles. The campaign against “Pelonas”, “modern” women who chose to wear short “bobbed” hair (or flappers) in 1924, is also useful in getting a measure of what constituted a threat to Mexicanidad.
See essays in Jocelyn Olcott, Mary Kay Vaughan and Cano, by Carlos Monsivais (good on “soldaderas” and general cultural overview), Vaughan (general historical overview) Gabriela Cano (on the campaign against “Pelonas” – bobbed hair - in 1924) , Rubinstein (on Amelio Robles) and Tuñon (on Emilio Fernandez & Mexican cinema depictions of Women and Indians)
See also Tabea Alexa Linhard, (2005)
For the painters Maria Izquierdo and Frida Kahlo see the essays by Adriana Zavala and Sarah M Lowe in Mary Kay Vaughan and Stephen Lewis, eds., and, Jean Franco, 1989, Ch. 5 "Body and Soul", 102-28.
For Isabel Villaseñor, see Carmen Gómez del Campo and Leticia Torres Carmona, México : LOLA de México, 1997.