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By Prasad Upasani

E-Mail: Prasad@Upasani.org Phone: (714) 996-0010

North Indian or Hindustani Classical music is an ancient form of music that has distinct spiritual overtones. This is a much more subtle form of music as compared to modern western music. The primary genres of musical composition in North Indian or Hindustani classical music are dhrupad and khayal. Dhrupad, the older of the two genres, is the ancestor to the more popular khayal that eclipses it today. The concept of the melody and rhythm, however; serves as the foundation for both khayal and dhrupad. Melody is captured in the concept of the raag, and rhythmic foundation in the taal.

: The smallest possible distance between audio frequencies that is distinguishable

to the human ear. There are 22

in an octave

:

o

: Sa (Shadja), Re (Rishabh), Ga (Gandhaar), Ma (Madhyam), Pa

(Pancham), Dha (Dhaivat), Ni (Nishaad).

o

&

Swaras.

swaras consist of

&

  • :

Sa

Re

Ga

Ma

Pa

Dha

Ni

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

re

:

ga (lower),

ma

dha

(middle),

(upper)

ni

Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa’ is Sa Re Ga Ma

Sa’ Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa is Pa Dha Ni Sa’

  • Sur,

  • Due to

context.

  • :

  • :

,

,

, etc. are distinguishing features of Indian classical music.

, the same note can sound different in different raags depending on the

, taan,

alaap, taan,

  • -

    alaap

taan,

&

taan, etc.

3/3/2002

www.upasani.org

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