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       Marley’s Ghost

...it came through the heavy door and passed into the room before his very eyes.

... the dying flame leaped up, as though it cried "I know him! Marley's Ghost!"

His body was transparent; so that Scrooge, observing him, and looking  through his waistcoat could see the two buttons on his coat behind.

The apparition walked backward from him; and at every step it took, the window raised itself a little, so that when the spectre reached it, it was wide open.

What tells us that there is a supernatural occurrence in this story?    _____________________________________________________

Marley in his usual waistcoat, tights and boots; ... bristled ... the hair upon his head.

The chain he drew was clasped about his middle. It was long and wound about him like a tail; and it was made... of cashboxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds and heavy purses wrought in steel.

This is how Jacob Marley pays a visit to his former business partner, Ebenezer Scrooge.

What clues about Marley's personality and appearance are given in this description?


List some of the objects attached to his chain._______________________________

What might these symbolize about Marley’s former life?________________________

Are they a burden or a comfort to him in his afterlife? Why? _______________________

The spirit raised a freightful cry, and shook its chain with such a dismal and applalling noise, that Scrooge held on tight to his chair.

"You will be haunted," resumed the Ghost, "by Three Spirits."

Think about the purpose of Marley’s ghostly visit to Scrooge on Christmas Eve. He carries his chains around as he ominously points toward Scrooge with one, two, then three of his fingers. Marley implies that there will be three more visitors during the night. Scrooge will time shift with each spirit. What might be the three different time frames of life that Scrooge will  visit? _____________, _____________, &_________________.

During the performance you will see Marley's predictions come to pass. Notice how each spirit reveals itself to Scrooge. Compare them by the colors they wear, the actions they take, and the style or "color" of the music that accompanies each spirit's dance.

Spirits are thought to be abstract and formless, yet for the purpose of a drama, they are portrayed by people. When artists and literary writers use human characteristics to help define an abstract idea it is called personification. Each spirit is given a personality to go along with their mission. See if you can collect enough information about them through their actions, movement, costumes, and music to understand what the spirits are revealing not only to Scrooge, but to the audience as well.

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