Statement of Significance (in one paragraph)
Considered by many to be the most tangible achievement of St.
munity, Homer G. that community.
Phillips Hospital has also become the most widely known symbol for Constructed between 1932 and 1936 as one of the few, fully equipped
in the country where black doctors, nurses and technicians could the influence of Homer 6. Phillips spread throughout the nation.
the presence of Homer 6. Phillips not only provided medical services to but along with Sumner High School, Antioch Baptist Church and the Annie Children's Home formed a closely related network of stability and pride years of restrictive covenants in housing and segregation in education.
the community Malone during the
In St. 7:00,
Louis on June 18, 1931, a 51-year-old lawyer rose at had breakfast, said good-bye to his wife, and left his
home at 1121 Aubert Avenue.
Noted for his punctuality,
walked southward streetcar to his
on Aubert office at
Delmar at 7:45 a.m. North Jefferson.
He stopped to buy a newspaper. car and read his paper, two men
As he waited approached.
his street first walked
up and said something to The first man struck him
The lawyer lowered his
matic, firing several shots into him. two men ran north to an alley and east
The lawyer fell, in the alleyJ
Although two people were arrested for the murder of Homer Gilliam
This yet-unsolved tragedy prevented the man most responsible for the
successful outcome of decades training for St. Louis' black
of struggle citizens to
adequate health care and medical construction begin on the facility
which was to bear his name. 2
In the early twentieth century,
Louisans became increasingly vocal
about the lack of adequate health care or medical
Taxes from black citizens
supported in policy
municipal facilities open whereby blacks and whites
only to whites.
Attempts to promote
a change were met
threats of strikes by white doctors.
a committee of seventeen concerned
College at Garrison and renovated and opened as
Lawton Avenues. a 177-bed health
Renamed City Hospital #2, care center for blacks in
the facility 1919.
The 1920 population in apparent that
Census reported a sixty percent increase in St.
Only two years after City Hospital