STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE
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NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES INVENTORY -- NOMINATION FORM
committee of seventeen was reorganized and attorney Phillips worked actively for the support of an 87 million dollar bond issue with the understanding that 1 million would
be spent for site acquisition and construction
of a first-rate health care facility 1923, the opponents obtained an inter
pretation from City Counselor Muench that construction City officials, aldermen and the local medical society
of the hospital was not implied. endorsed construction of a
to City Hospital
instead of a separate hospital.
other black leaders argued center of population; that
that the proposed annex was "remote from their people's a hopsital there would immediately become a 'stepchild 1
ot the main
health service for their race Phillips ultimately carried the
battle to a successful
in the Board of Aldermen's Welfare Committee
chaired by Alderman home and school was
acquired in the
site for the new hospital and nurses' center of the black residential community
in October 1932,
some ten years after the original
bond issue was passed. 4
Designed by City Architect Albert A.
Osburg,5 Homer G.
at a time as one of efficient staff and
when American hospital design the most complex problems for
service was viewed the need for a highly
an increasingly specialized professional concern, architects were also charged
and with creating institutional
images that would dispel
Homer G. Phillips Hospital and artistically.
Louis the best in current design both functionally
The dedication of Homer G.
on February 22,
witn a parade of two thousand people and attended by five thousand.
included St. Louis Mayor Bernard F. and U. S. Secretary of the Interior,
Dickmann, Harold I.
Lloyd C Stark
G. Phillips was the "largest and finest of its sort in the world," Secretary Ickes emphasized that the new hospital marked:
... a regret
notable to say,
advance in Negro hospitalization, a field which, has been sadly neglected in many sectors of our
significance is that at one and the
time it symbolizes the just demands and needs of our Negro citizens and the willingness on the part of those in authority to help to achieve your rightful place in our economic system.6
Dickmann commented that not deal with humanity
when he assumed as if it were a
mitted himself to ensuring the completion of
office lot of
in 1933, cattle"
was determined he he therefore com
administration two additional
issued for construction of the hospital