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FHR-8-300A (11/78)

UNITED HERITAGE

STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE

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NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES INVENTORY -- NOMINATION FORM

HOMER G.

PHILLIPS HOSPITAL,

ST.

LOUIS

;

CONTINUATION SHEET

committee of seventeen was reorganized and attorney Phillips worked actively for the support of an 87 million dollar bond issue with the understanding that 1 million would

be spent for site acquisition and construction

for

blacks

Although

the

bond

issue

passed

in

of a first-rate health care facility 1923, the opponents obtained an inter

pretation from City Counselor Muench that construction City officials, aldermen and the local medical society

of the hospital was not implied. endorsed construction of a

colored annex"

to City Hospital

#1

instead of a separate hospital.

Phillips and

other black leaders argued center of population; that

that the proposed annex was "remote from their people's a hopsital there would immediately become a 'stepchild 1

ot the main

institution;

that development

might

be

hampered."-3

After

several

years

of of

proper debate

,

health service for their race Phillips ultimately carried the

battle to a successful

conclusion

in the Board of Aldermen's Welfare Committee

chaired by Alderman home and school was

Neiderlucke. A

6.3 acre

acquired in the

Ville, a

site for the new hospital and nurses' center of the black residential community

in St.

Louis.

Construction began

in October 1932,

some ten years after the original

bond issue was passed. 4

Designed by City Architect Albert A.

Osburg,5 Homer G.

Phillips Hospital

appeared

at a time as one of efficient staff and

when American hospital design the most complex problems for

for the

physical

plant which

would

support

technical

facilities

was a

primary

general

community

architect.

While

service was viewed the need for a highly

an increasingly specialized professional concern, architects were also charged

with fear

environment

planning

and welcome

patients

and with creating institutional

images that would dispel

through

attractive

facades.

With

respect

to

these

concerns

Homer G. Phillips Hospital and artistically.

brought St.

Louis the best in current design both functionally

The dedication of Homer G.

Phillips Hospital

on February 22,

1937,

was celebrated

witn a parade of two thousand people and attended by five thousand.

The principal

speakers Missouri

included St. Louis Mayor Bernard F. and U. S. Secretary of the Interior,

Dickmann, Harold I.

Governor Ickes.

Lloyd C Stark

of

Remarking that

Homer

G. Phillips was the "largest and finest of its sort in the world," Secretary Ickes emphasized that the new hospital marked:

I

... a regret

notable to say,

advance in Negro hospitalization, a field which, has been sadly neglected in many sectors of our

country

....

Its real

significance is that at one and the

same

time it symbolizes the just demands and needs of our Negro citizens and the willingness on the part of those in authority to help to achieve your rightful place in our economic system.6

Mayor would

Dickmann commented that not deal with humanity

when he assumed as if it were a

mitted himself to ensuring the completion of

office lot of

HomerG.

in 1933, cattle"

he and

was determined he he therefore com

Phillips.

(During Dickmann's

administration two additional

bonds were

issued for construction of the hospital

)

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