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Public Health Nursing Practice Manual

Immunization

  • Delayed or absent immunizations may adversely effect the health of the adolescent.

  • Adolescent may be due for Tdap booster or meningococcal vaccine for college bound students.

Diet

  • Encourage the caregiver to ensure that food intake is sufficient for adequate growth.

  • Eating the recommended 5-9 servings of fruits and vegetables a day helps to prevent chronic diseases and maintain a healthy weight.

  • Encourage caregivers to contact their child’s school to inquire about the school breakfast and lunch program.

  • Poor food choices can lead to weight gain.

  • Body image concerns may lead to eating disorders.

Exercise/Physical Activity

  • Reduce TV watching, video game viewing, and recreational computer use to increase time for exercise.

  • The recommendation for physical activity is 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day.

Smoking/Chemical Dependency

  • First exposure to cigarettes, alcohol and many illicit or over the counter drugs may occur.

Safer Sex Practices/Education

  • Encourage the caregiver to openly discuss reproduction/sex education.

  • Encourage the caregiver to discuss the of use abstinence, condom use if indicated, and review other family planning methods.

  • Encourage the caregiver to discuss sexually transmitted diseases and the possible health consequences.

  • Encourage the caregiver to review the availability of the local STD clinic.

Cultural Practices

  • Discourage use of home remedies such as Greta, Pay-loo-ah and Azarcon because of possible exposure to lead.

  • Discourage use of imported ceramic ware for cooking and storing food because of possible exposure to lead.

  • Discourage use of spices and seasonings imported from other countries because of possible exposure to lead.

© 2007 LAC DPH - Public Health Nursing

B7

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