the incomplete vehicle manufacturer. Vehicle alterers, as specified in 49 CFR 567.16, shall
utilize the VIN assigned by the original manufacturer of the vehicle.
Each VIN shall consist of seventeen (17) characters.
A check digit shall be part of each VIN. The check digit shall appear in position nine
of the VIN, on the vehicle and on any transfer documents containing the VIN prepared by the
manufacturer to be given to the first owner for purposes other than resale.
(d) The VINs of any two vehicles subject to the Federal motor vehicle safety standards
and manufactured within a 60-year period beginning with the 1980 model year shall not be
(e) The VIN of each vehicle shall appear clearly and indelibly upon either a part of the
vehicle, other than the glazing, that is not designed to be removed except for repair or upon a
separate plate or label that is permanently affixed to such a part.
(f) The VIN for passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, low speed vehicles,
and trucks of 4536 kg or less GVWR shall be located inside the passenger compartment. It shall
be readable, without moving any part of the vehicle, through the vehicle glazing under daylight
lighting conditions by an observer having 20/20 vision (Snellen) whose eye-point is located
outside the vehicle adjacent to the left windshield pillar. Each character in the VIN subject to
this paragraph shall have a minimum height of 4 mm.
(g) Each character in each VIN shall be one of the letters in the set:
[ABCDEFGHJKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ] or a numeral in the set:  assigned
according to the method given in §565.14.
(h) All spaces provided for in the VIN must be occupied by a character specified in
paragraph (g) of this section.