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the incomplete vehicle manufacturer. Vehicle alterers, as specified in 49 CFR 567.16, shall

utilize the VIN assigned by the original manufacturer of the vehicle.

    • (b)

      Each VIN shall consist of seventeen (17) characters.

    • (c)

      A check digit shall be part of each VIN. The check digit shall appear in position nine

  • (9)

    of the VIN, on the vehicle and on any transfer documents containing the VIN prepared by the

manufacturer to be given to the first owner for purposes other than resale.

(d) The VINs of any two vehicles subject to the Federal motor vehicle safety standards

and manufactured within a 60-year period beginning with the 1980 model year shall not be


(e) The VIN of each vehicle shall appear clearly and indelibly upon either a part of the

vehicle, other than the glazing, that is not designed to be removed except for repair or upon a

separate plate or label that is permanently affixed to such a part.

(f) The VIN for passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, low speed vehicles,

and trucks of 4536 kg or less GVWR shall be located inside the passenger compartment. It shall

be readable, without moving any part of the vehicle, through the vehicle glazing under daylight

lighting conditions by an observer having 20/20 vision (Snellen) whose eye-point is located

outside the vehicle adjacent to the left windshield pillar. Each character in the VIN subject to

this paragraph shall have a minimum height of 4 mm.

(g) Each character in each VIN shall be one of the letters in the set:

[ABCDEFGHJKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ] or a numeral in the set: [0123456789] assigned

according to the method given in §565.14.

(h) All spaces provided for in the VIN must be occupied by a character specified in

paragraph (g) of this section.

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