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NASMHPD/NTAC e-Report on Recovery – Fall 2004

how recovery is being implemented in various states, by examining Web resources on recovery, and by basing their leadership on some or all of the aforementioned eight principles of leadership. This special issue itself becomes a source of leader development.

Yet in the final analysis, leadership remains an art as well as a science. Some of the tools of leadership are not simply the tools of an expanding knowledge base around leadership.  Some remain the tools of the self.

The Principles Of Mental Health Leadership

Principle 1. Leaders communicate a shared vision.  

Principle 2. Leaders centralize by mission and decentralize by operations.

Principle 3. Leaders create an organizational culture that identifies and tries to live by key values.  

Principle 4. Leaders create an organizational structure and culture that empowers their employees.  

Principle 5. Leaders use a human technology to translate vision into reality.

Principle 6. Leaders relate constructively to employees.  

Principle 7. Leaders access and use information to make change a constant ingredient of their organization.  

Principle 8. Leaders build their organization around exemplary performers.

- Excerpted from Anthony, Cohen, Farkas, & Gagne, 2002.


Anthony, W. A. (2000). A recovery oriented service system: Setting some system level standards. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 24(2), 159-168.

Anthony, W. A. (2001, November 5). The need for recovery compatible evidence based practices. Mental Health Weekly, p. 5.

Anthony, W. A., Cohen, M. R., Farkas, M. D., & Gagne, C. (2002). Psychiatric Rehabilitation (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Boston University, Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation.

Anthony, W. A., Rogers, E. S., & Farkas, M. (2003). Research on evidence-based practices: Future directions in an era of recovery. Community Mental Health Journal, 39, 101-114.

Farkas, M., Gagne, C., Anthony, W. A., & Chamerlin, J. (in press). Implementing recovery oriented evidence based programs: Identifying the critical dimensions. Community Mental Health Journal.

Harding, C. M. (1994). An examination of the complexities in the measurement of recovery in severe psychiatric disorders. In R. J. Ancill, D. Holliday, & G. W. MacEwan

NASMHPD/NTAC e-Report on Recovery – Fall 2004

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