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SEXUAL ABUSE

Violent anal or vaginal penetration.

Victim made to masturbate member of staff or perform oral-genital acts.

Sexual kissing; indecent touching of private parts over clothing.

PHYSICAL ABUSE

Serious injuries requiring hospitalisation; profound deafness caused by blows to ears.

Severe beating causing e.g. a fractured limb or leaving permanent scars.

Corporal punishment more severe than was legally sanctioned at the time, but leaving no permanent physical signs.  Gross over-work involving inadequate rest, recreation and sleep.

EMOTIONAL ABUSE

Depersonalisation e.g. through family ties being severed without justification or through deprivation of affection.

General climate of fear and apprehension.

Stigmatisation by staff, e.g. through repeated racist remarks or hurtful references to parents.

NEGLECT

Severe malnutrition; failure to protect child against abusive placements; inadequate guarding against dangerous equipment in work-place.

Failure to provide legally prescribed minimum of school instruction; lack of appropriate vocational training and training in life skills.

Inadequate clothing, bedding or heating.

13.It is not necessary for a person to have been prosecuted or convicted of any criminal offence in connection with the abuse suffered by an applicant.

The meaning of “injury”

14.The Act provides that “injury” includes physical or psychological injury and injury that has occurred in the past or currently exists.  Redress under the Act is payable in respect of any injury which is consistent with any abuse suffered by the applicant while he or she was resident in a specified institution.

The following are some particular examples of injury for which redress may be payable:

NATURE OF INJURY

EXAMPLES

PHYSICAL OR PSYCHIATRIC ILLNESS

1.Physical injury

2.Physical illness

3.Psychiatric illness

1.Loss of sight or hearing. Loss of or damage to teeth. Permanent scar(s)/disfigurement.

2.Sexually transmitted diseases.

Respiratory diseases. Skin diseases.

3. Severe depression with suicide attempts.

Personality disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder.

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