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1.Emotional disorder

2.Cognitive impairment/ educational retardation

3.Psychosocial maladjustment

4.Anti-social behaviour

1.Inability to show affection or trust

Low self-esteem; persistent feelings of shame or guilt.

Recurrent nightmares or flashbacks.

2.Literacy level well below capability.

Impoverished thought processes. Limited vocabulary leading to communication difficulties.

3.Marital difficulties involving sexual dysfunction.

Low frustration tolerance. Shyness and withdrawal from mixing with people.

4.Substance abuse.

Compulsive stealing. Physical aggressiveness.


1. Having to refuse employment opportunity/ promotion because of illiteracy.

2.Need to concoct a false identity and to live a lie with workmates.

3.Unable to pursue certain occupations, e.g. police, because of “record”.

In every case the Redress Board will have to be satisfied that the particular injury resulted “as a consequence of the abuse” suffered by the applicant.

The meaning of “resident”

15.Redress can only be paid to persons who as children were abused while “resident” in a specified institution.  “Resident” is not defined in the Act, but normally means living and sleeping in a particular place for some time.  A person who attended an institution only during the day-time will not be regarded as having been “resident” in that institution.  In general the Board will consider whether the institution in question may be regarded as the applicant’s home at the time when the abuse occurred.

16.The Act makes three special provisions relating to this “residence” requirement:    

(i)“Residence” in an institution includes any case where a child was resident in an institution as a result of having been sent and detained there under the Children Act 1908 (section 1(4)).

(ii)Abuse of a child “in an institution” includes any case in which the abuse took place, not in the institution itself, but while the child was residing or being cared for in the institution and the abuse was committed or aided by a person engaged in the management or supervision of the institution or a person otherwise employed in or associated with the institution (section 1(2)).

(iii)A person who was resident in an institution and then transferred to another place of residence which carried on the business of a laundry and who suffered abuse while resident in that laundry “shall be deemed … to have been resident in that institution” (section 1(3)).

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