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is completely out of the water. Loading and unloading is done using the bow as the entrance and exit point.­

b. Keep a low center of mass when entering and existing the boat to avoid capsizing.  Maintain 3 points of contact at all times.

c. The long count is a method of loading and unloading by which the boat crew embarks or debarks individually over the bow of the boat. It is used at river banks, on loading ramps, and when deep water prohibits the use of the short count method.

d. The short count is a method of loading or unloading by which the boat crew embarks or debarks in pairs over the sides of boat while the boat is in the water. It is used in shallow water allowing the boat to be quickly carried out of the water.

e. Beaching the boat is a method of debarking the entire crew at once into shallow water and quickly carrying the boat out of the water.


a. If the landing site cannot be secured prior to the waterborne force landing, some form of early warning (e.g. scout swimmers) is considered. These personnel swim to shore from the assault boats and signal the boats to land. All signals and actions are rehearsed prior to the actual operation.

b. If the patrol is going into an unsecured landing site it can provide security by having a security boat land, reconnoiter the landing site and then signal to the remaining boats to land. This is the preferred technique.

c. The landing site can be secured by force with all the assault boats landing simultaneously in a line formation. While this is the least desirable method of securing a landing site, it is rehearsed in the event the tactical situation requires its use.

d. Arrival at the debarkation point.

(1) Unit members disembark according to leaders order.

(2) Local security is established.

(3) Leaders account for personnel and equipment.

(4) Unit continues movement.

1. Soldiers pull security initially with work vest on

2. Coxswains and two men unlash and de-rig rucksacks

3. Soldiers return in buddy teams to secure rucksack and drop off work vest

4. Boats are camouflaged/cached if necessary prior to movement

912. CAPSIZE. The following commands and procedures are used for capsize drills or to right an overturned boat,

a. “Prepare to capsize”, This command alerts the crew and they raise paddles above their heads, with the blade pointed outward.  Before capsizing, the coxswain will conduct a long count.

b. "Pass paddles", All paddles are passed back and collected by the number nine and ten men.

c. "Capsize the boat", All personnel slide into the water except the number three, five, and seven men.  The number one man secures the bowline.  They grasp the


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