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THERMAL HEAT STRESS PROTOCOL FOR FIRE FIGHTERS AND HAZMAT - page 5 / 5

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thirsty, since they will already be dehydrated by this point.

Local Fire Departments are encouraged to maintain records on this protocol to help IAFF refine it in the future.

IV.TRAINING

A.Any fire fighting or HAZMAT training drill or exercise should be carefully monitored when Apparent Temperature exceeds 90°F (32°C) and modified or suspended when Apparent Temperature exceeds 105°F (40°C).  If protective clothing (fire or HAZMAT) is worn, an adjustment factor of 10°F (2°C) should be added to the environmental temperature before the Apparent Temperature is calculated.  Additionally, if the training drill or exercise is being conducted in direct sunlight, an adjustment factor of 10°F (2°C) should be added to the environmental temperature before the Apparent Temperature is calculated.

V.SOURCES

A.  This document was prepared after consultation with LTC Robert Burr, Medical Advisor, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA  01760, and is based upon the work of Dr. Dave Compton, a former Occupational Medicine physician in the Army, who is now in private practice.  He developed a technique based upon his experience and review of the research in this topic.

B.  The work/rest tables enclosed are taken from: Sustaining Health and Performance in the Desert: A Pocket Guide to Environmental Medicine for Operations in Southwest Asia, Tech. Note 91-2, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, December 1990.

C.  Armstrong, LE, et al., "Prediction of the Exercise-Heat Tolerance of Soldiers Wearing Protective Overgarments", Av Space Env Med, July 1991;62:673-7.

D.  Skinner, JS, "Fighting the Fire Within", Firehouse, August 1985;46-8,66.

E.  United States Fire Administration, Emergency Incident Rehabilitation, FA-114, July 1992.

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