What was the first Israelite territorial entity?
No direct proof in the archaeological record for the existence of an elaborate polity (political organization) in the highlands in the late-Iron I period (the late-11th and much of the 10th centuries BC);
Iron I sites, ca. 90% of them, continued to be inhabited in the Iron II period;
Exception for area north of Jerusalem, that is, around Gibeon and Bethel;
He attributes this to Pharaoh Sheshonq’s (Shishak) campaign (late-10th century BC).