2h. Tracing Traffic Data During an Incident; The Tools
The Pen Register, Trap and Trace Statute governs real-time monitoring of traffic data (e.g. most e-mail header information, source and destination IP address and port)
: outgoing connection data
: incoming connection data
of communications (e.g. e-mail subject line or content of a downloaded file).
If law enforcement wishes to get a court order – the burden of proof is lower than for reading content