Adjustment disorder comprises states of subjective distress and emotional disturbance arising in the period of adaptation to a significant life change or to the consequences of a stressful life event, such as serious physical illness, bereavement or separation, migration or refugee status.
The clinical picture: depressed mood, anxiety, worry, a feeling of inability to cope, plan ahead, or continue in the present situation, and some degress of disability in the performance of daily routine.
Onset - within 1 month; duration - below 6 months.
More frequently women, unmarried and young persons.
Psychotherapy is the first line treatment of this disorder. Symptomatic treatment may comprise short trial of hypnotics or benzodiazepines.