Phobic Anxiety Disorders
In agoraphobia, social and specific phobias, anxiety is evoked predominantly by certain well-defined situations or objects, which are external to the individual and are not currently dangerous.
As a result, these situations or objects are characteristically avoided or endured with dread.
Phobic anxiety fluctuates from mild uneasy to terror. The individual’s concern may focus on individual symptoms such as palpitations or feeling faint and is often associated with secondary fears of dying, losing control, or going mad.
The anxiety is not relieved by the knowledge that other people do not regard the situation in question as dangerous or threatening.