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Global Master of Arts Program II, Third Term, 2005-2006 - page 11 / 15

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HOLIDAY BREAK 20 December 2005 to 2 January 2006 Module Week IV (3 January 2005) (Third Term Week 4) Topic: NBC Proliferation and Counterproliferation Strategies Required Readings

Chaim Braun and Christopher F. Chyba, "Proliferation Rings: New Challenges to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime," International Security, vol. 29, no. 2 (fall 2004), pp. 5-49.

Ariel E. Levite, "Never Say Never Again: Nuclear Reversal Revisited," International Security, vol. 27, no. 3 (winter 2002/2003), pp. 59-89.

Gregory Koblentz, "Pathogens as Weapons: The International Security Implications of Biological Warfare," International Security, vol. 28, no. 3 (winter 2003/2004), pp. 84-122.

Recommended Readings

Francis J. Gavin, "Blast from the Past: Proliferation Lessons from the 1960s," International Security, vol. 29, no. 3 (winter 2004/05), pp. 100-135.

Derek D. Smith, "Deterrence and Counterproliferation in an Age of Weapons of Mass Destruction," Security Studies, vol. 12, no. 4 (summer 2003), pp. 152-197.

Christopher F. Chyba and Alex L. Greninger, "Biotechnology and Bioterrorism: An Unprecedented World," Survival, vol. 46, no. 2, (summer 2004), pp. 143-162.

Victor D. Cha and David C. Kang, Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003).

Graham Allison, Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2004).

Victor A. Utgoff, ed., The Coming Crisis: Nuclear Proliferation, U.S. Interests, and World Order (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000).

Scott D. Sagan and Kenneth N. Waltz, The Spread of Nuclear Weapons: A Debate Renewed, 2nd ed. (New York: W.W. Norton, 2002).

T. V. Paul, Prudence versus Power: Why Nations Forgo Nuclear Weapons (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2000).

Kendall Hoyt and Stephen D. Brooks, "A Double-Edged Sword: Globalization and Biosecurity," International Security, vol. 28, no. 3 (winter 2003/2004), pp. 123-148.

Jonathan B. Tucker, Biosecurity: Limiting Terrorist Access to Deadly Pathogens (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 2003).

Discussion Questions

1. Chaim Braun and Christopher Chyba see what they term "proliferation rings," formal and informal networks of second-tier proliferators that exchange nuclear technologies, weapon designs, and delivery systems, as a growing threat to regional and global security. If left unchecked, these proliferation rings could enable second-tier proliferators such as Iran and North Korea to acquire nuclear weapons, and thereby destroy the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Do you agree with Braun and Chyba assessment, namely that the principal problem with the 1970 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) lies in its enforcement mechanisms? Alternatively, do the problems with the NPT lie in the fact that

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