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helpers. Another big number is in the Middle East, mainly women, as domestic helpers. Very recently nurses from Indonesia are beginning to be employed overseas.

Clearly, Indonesia should conscientiously prepare its labour export for even in the home or domestic help area competition exists, e.g. Filipinas and Chinese. Indonesia cannot afford to depend solely on the natural talents of its workforce. Natural talents do give some early advantage but nothing else.

The STEP for developing countries therefore is to identify potential labour exports and train them as well as possible and then offer them overseas. Not only is this giving employment to those who otherwise will not have jobs, but at the same time will assist in the foreign exchange situation as these workers would transfer money back to their families in the country.

This STEP in fact is applying fitness for purpose or quality to the problems of employment without calling it quality.

Middle-Term Educational Plan (MTEP)

Based on the Country Strategy, a 20 to 50 year plan is needed in order to prepare the population for that period. The question is whether the country needs to be involved in things that of no immediate consequences to the STEP and to bringing the country into self-sufficiency. Ex President of Indonesia, B J Habibie had been criticized for wasting the country’s resources on the aircraft manufacturing industry, which is proven to have not assisted the country financially or otherwise. Some claimed that this was done at the expense of the country’s primary industry which is agricultural and thus creating dependence for the people’s staple food on other countries and therefore at the expense of foreign exchange.

N IDRUS  TRANSFORMING QUALITY FOR DEVELOPMENT KEYNOTE PAPER 7QHES, 29-31 OCTOBER 2002, MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA

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