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International Energy Markets

List of Tables

Table 2–1 Cosmological and Geologic Milestones in Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Table 2–2 The World’s Largest Oilfields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Table 2–3 Data on Some Major Oil Sands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Table 2–4 Estimation of the Main Oil Shale Reserves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Table 2–5 Major Eras of Coal Formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Table 2–6 Milestones in Recent Human Energy Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Table 3–1 10 Largest U.S. Coal Producers, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 Table 3–2 World Coal Producers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Table 3–3 Energy Content by Coal Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Table 3–4 World Coal Production, Consumption, and Reserves, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Table 3–5 World Gross Energy Consumption for Electricity Generation . . . . . . . . . .48 Table 3–6 European Coal Subsidies, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Table 3–7 Revenues Related to Elasticities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 Table 3–8 Severance Tax Rates for the 10 Largest Energy Producing States, 2002 . . .66 Table 3–9 World Survey Selected Petroleum Product Prices, Including Taxes . . . . . .68 Table 4–1 Net Electricity Consumption, Growth and Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 Table 4–2 World Net Electricity Generation by Type, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Table 4–3 Financing for a Representative Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99 Table 4–4 U.S. Average Electricity Prices and Consumption By Customer Class . .105 Table 5–1 Electricity Prices and Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114 Table 5–2 Electricity Trade in TWh, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115 Table 6–1 Major U.S. Oil Company Mergers and Acquisitions, 1910–2003 . . . . . . .144 Table 6–2 OPEC Average Production and Quotas, 1984–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149 Table 6–3 OPEC Petroleum, Income, and Population Statistics for 2000 . . . . . . . . .166 Table 7–1 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption and Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171 Table 7–2 World Natural Gas Reserves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .176 Table 7–3 Rents and Quasi-Rents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180 Table 7–4 Likely Governance Structure Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182 Table 7–5 Top 11 Natural Gas Marketers, First Quarter 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187 Table 7–6 Top 10 Interstate Pipeline Companies, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .187 Table 8–1 World’s Largest Oil Spills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 Table 9–1 Resistivity Measures for Various Construction Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . .223 Table 9–2 World Carbon Emissions and GDP Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227 Table 10–1 LNG Exporting Countries, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237 Table 10–2 Developing Marginal Factor Cost for LNG Supply Function . . . . . . . . .239 Table 11–1 Relative Share of Energy Consumption from Major Sources . . . . . . . . .250 Table 11–2 Energy Production and Imports in Western Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .258 Table 11–3 Soviet Gas Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263 Table 11–4 Europe Pipeline Natural Gas Imports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .264 Table 11–5 Major Gas Companies in Western Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265 Table 11–6 Gas Storage in the European Union, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .267 Table 12–1 Typical Lives for Various Equipment and Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .280 Table 12–2 Proven Coal, Oil, and Gas Reserves and Production, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . .281 Table 12–3 Costs for Gasoline and Backstop Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .298

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